AVP-786 as a promising treatment option for Alzheimer’s Disease including agitation

Year: 2021
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Authors

Khoury, R., Marx, C., Mirgati, S., Velury, D., Chakkamparambil, B. and Grossberg, G.T.

Abstract

Introduction: To date, there is no FDA-approved treatment for agitation in Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
Medications currently used off-label have modest clinical efficacy and serious side effects.
Areas covered: The authors review the pharmacology, mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, safety and tolerability data of AVP-786, for the treatment of agitation in AD.
Expert opinion: AVP-786, the deuterated form of dextromethorphan/quinidine (AVP-923) which is an
approved treatment for Pseudo-Bulbar Affect, emerges as a promising and safe treatment for agitation
in AD. Deuteration is an innovative technology that accelerates drug development by conducting faster
and less costly clinical trials. No phase II trial was conducted with AVP-786 for the treatment of agitation
in AD; the decision to expedite the development of this drug was based on a successful phase II study
with AVP-923. Phase III trials with AVP-786 (TRIAD-1 and TRIAD-2) showed mixed findings probably due
to the difference in study design. Future phase III studies should use innovative study designs such as
the Sequential Parallel Comparison Design to mitigate high placebo response, and the Cohen-Mansfield
Agitation Inventory for agitation assessment. They should also include positron emission tomography
studies to assess occupancy of various receptors in the brain after AVP-786 is administered.
Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy, 1-13.

Topic

Dementia,Geriatric.Treatment

Keywords

Agitation,alzheimer’s Disease,avp-786,deuteration,dextromethorphan,efficacy,pharmacology,quinidine,safety,tolerability
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