How is mental health defined?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health is defined as a “state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community.”
Mental health is highlighted as well in the WHO’s definition of health which is " a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."
How common are mental health problems?
Mental health problems are very common. In fact according to studies done by IDRAAC, 1 out 4 Lebanese adults is at risk of developing a mental disorder before the age of 75 years.
How can mental health problems be prevented?
There are several strategies that can help in preventing mental health problems such as: building resilience and coping skills, training on the management of stress, trauma counseling and support, increasing social support, social integration, preventing neglect and abuse in childhood , preventing substance abuse , preventing exposure to war, decreasing the burden of other health disorders , etc...
What can you do if someone you know refuses to not seek help?
You need to understand that this person might be ashamed of seeking help, might already be seeking help but does not want to inform you, or lack the awareness that anything is wrong with them. It is important that you contact a professional who can give you advice on how to convince this person of seeking help in case they are reluctant.
What can you do if someone you know is having a mental crisis?
If you or someone you know is experiencing an acute mental health crisis and might be a risk to themselves or someone else, you should seek immediate emergency mental health care. Depending on the crisis, you can contact hospital emergencies or contact IDRAAC on the following number +961 3 730475.
Who are the different mental health professionals?
A psychiatrist is a medical doctor specialized in psychiatry. He can diagnose and treat mental health problems and disorders. He can also prescribe medications and admit patients to inpatient hospital settings if needed.
A psychologist is specialized in psychology (can hold a Bachelor of Sciences, Masters or PhD). A psychologist can get training in clinical psychology and psychotherapy to be able to use scales and assessments that identify mental health conditions. A psychotherapist delivers therapy in the form of verbal communication and is not allowed to prescribe medications.
What are your mental health rights?
You have the right to seek help without any discrimination based on your age, gender, socioeconomic status, and type of mental health problem.
You have the right to be treated with respect and dignity.
You have the right for confidentiality.
You have the right to have a clear explanation of your condition, treatment and changes that might arise once you start your treatment.