ADHD

ADHD

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

Body Mass Index and Mental Health

Body Mass Index and Mental Health

ADHD

Assessment of the Relation between ADHD and Bipolarity
IDRAAC is currently assessing the relation between adult ADHD and Bipolar Disorder as well as the comorbidities of ADHD with other mental health disorders in a Lebanese clinical population funded by a grant from the National Council for Scientific Research in Lebanon. This is one of the first studies in the Arab region which addresses the comorbidities in adult patients with ADHD in a clinical setting and explores their temperament profile.


ADHD in the Arab World
IDRAAC is currently reviewing the published studies about Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) conducted in the Arab World and will soon be publishing the results of this review which will give a wider understanding about the extent to which this disorder is studied in the Arab World. 


To know more about our previous research on ADHD, kindly click on this link. 

 

Bipolar Disorder

Identifying Longitudinal Voice Patterns in Patients with Bipolar Disorder
IDRAAC has started working on an innovative research study in collaboration with the University of Michigan in the USA and funded by the National Institutes of Health NIH which uses a cell phone-based system to detect subtle changes in speech and motion of bipolar disorder patients allowing to predict subsequent risks for mood changes and this is studied in the course of the daily use of the phone. Changes in speech patterns are highly reflective of underlying mood shifts where it has been shown that there is a periodicity of the illness that oscillates between a manic energized state with charged emotions and pressured rapid speech to a depressed emotional phase with retarded movements and inhibited quality and quantity of speech. The use of this cell-phone based system will allow a continuous monitoring of these changes and predict any manic or depressive episode.  
This innovative study will aid in developing a practical solution to assist in the longitudinal management of bipolar patients and would be a substantial advance in preventive care. 

Validation of Screening Tools Related to Bipolar Disorder

IDRAAC is working on validating the Arabic version of the HCl-32 and HCL-33 bipolarity screening tools in a Lebanese clinical outpatient population as well as using temperaments to improve the screening process. This study is partially funded by Eli Lilly. 

 

Assessment of the Relation between ADHD and Bipolarity
IDRAAC is currently assessing the relation between adult ADHD and Bipolar Disorder as well as the comorbidities of ADHD with other mental health disorders in a Lebanese clinical population funded by a grant from the National Council for Scientific Research in Lebanon. This is one of the first studies in the Arab region which addresses the comorbidities in adult patients with ADHD in a clinical setting and explores their temperament profile. 

 

To know more about our previous research on Bipolar Disorder, kindly click on this link. 


 

Body Mass Index and Mental Health

IDRAAC is working on a research project related to assessing the effect of body mass index on the mental health of the Lebanese population while controlling for physical activity (intensity/duration) and sociodemographic status. This study is one of the first studies in the region to explore the relation between obesity, overweight, underweight and normal BMIs and mental health. 

 


 
Bullying

Bullying

Childhood Adversities and Mental Health

Childhood Adversities and Mental Health

Genetics

Genetics

Bullying

Bullying and Mental Health
IDRAAC is working on several research projects related to bullying in class and its relation to mental disorders in Lebanon. Bullying is currently considered a traumatic event with important mental health implications on the affected person. To date, no studies in the Arab world have assessed it in a comprehensive manner and studied its relation to preexisting and consequent mental disorders. 
Another study we are conducting at present is a comprehensive review of the publications on bullying in the Arab world. IDRAAC is assessing the various forms of bullying: direct confrontation (verbal, physical), rumors, social media, as well as the issue of inequality of power. IDRAAC is evaluating the profiles of bullying (victim, perpetrator and both) in the clinical setting and assessing the temporal relation of bullying to a variety of mental disorders (depression, anxiety, PTSD, suicidality etc..) and its effect on school performance as well as family life and social interactions.
We are also assessing the reaction to bullying by the child/adolescent, the school and the family and the co-occurrence of bullying and childhood adversities.
We are also validating the scales used during the bullying study.

 

Childhood Adversities and Mental Health

 

 
Childhood adversities (such as physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, parental death, divorce, mental illness, substance misuse, criminality, violence…) have been linked to subsequent mental health disorders. 
IDRAAC is studying adult first onset of mood and anxiety disorders and their relation to exposure before the age of 18 years to war and non-war events in addition to childhood adversities .
IDRAAC is currently studying the effect of childhood adversities and childhood traumatic events on the long-term mental health of the Lebanese population as well as the role of childhood adversities, positive home experiences and sensitivity in the Mental Health outcomes of Lebanese Public School students. In addition, IDRAAC is studying the effect of childhood adversities, war exposure and sensitivity on the Mental Health outcomes of Syrian refugee children/adolescents through its community projects.

If you would like to know more about IDRAAC’s community interventions, click on the following link.  

 

Genetics

GENMOD Study
IDRAAC worked on a classroom-based intervention for PTSD, Depression and Anxiety targeting Lebanese and Syrian students attending 31 public schools in Lebanon. 
Moreover, in order to study the effectiveness of the intervention on developing resilience building strategies among students, genetic testing will be done to study the variability in response to war-related traumatic events. 
This study will advance the field of developmental psychology by investigating the molecular genetics of individual differences in Syrian refugee children’s response to acute war-related traumatic experiences and variability in response to psychological intervention of both Lebanese and Syrian children as a function of genetic factors. It will also allow to understand the interplay between mental disorders, the environment and genetic factors. 

BIOPATH Biological Pathways of Risk and Resilience in Syrian Refugee Children 
IDRAAC is running a prospective study funded by The National Institutes of Health NIH -USA and in collaboration with Queen Mary University London and Médecins du Monde which aims at investigating the biological underpinnings of individual differences in refugee children’s response to acute war-related trauma exposure. This project studies genetic moderations of interventions related to mental health wellbeing of Syrian children and adolescents by measuring a plethora of mental health indicators, stressors, and environmental variables.  It also quite importantly aims at identifying specific gene variants in children who are more/less responsive to interventions. This project allows to understand the relationship between genetic, social, psychological and biological factors in relation to resilience.  

 
Elderly Mental Health

Elderly Mental Health

Mental Health in the Arab World

Mental Health in the Arab World

Temperament

Temperament

Elderly Mental Health

IDRAAC is working on different research projects related to elderly mental health.
These projects aim at investigating the prevalence of disorders among elderly age groups and their correlates as well as validating scales that detect dementia, depression and anxiety among the elderly. These studies are being used to prioritize and design community interventions and advocacy activities related to the elderly in Lebanon.

 

Mental Health in the Arab World

IDRAAC has been reviewing since many years all the published studies about mental health in the Arab World (21 countries) since 1966.
The reviews have allowed the creation of the Mental Health Research in the Arab World database currently found on the IDRAAC website which contains the abstracts of all the published studies from the Arab World till 2012. The database is updated periodically and IDRAAC will be publishing the latest update published before the end of 2018. 

 

Temperament

Affective Temperament
IDRAAC has been working on a multitude of projects related to studying temperament and has evaluated the role of temperament as a risk or as a protective factor in epidemiological studies the stability of temperament in a clinical setting, studying the association 


Temperament, at present, is being studied in two research projects related to Bipolar Disorder and ADHD:
Validation of Screening Tools Related to Bipolar Disorder and the Use of Temperaments to improve the Screening Process of Bipolar Disorder
IDRAAC is working on validating the Arabic version of the HCl-32 and HCL-33 bipolarity screening tools in a Lebanese clinical outpatient population as well as using temperaments to improve the screening process. This study, which was partially funded by Eli Lilly, is a stepping stone in the improvement of the screening of Bipolar Disorder in Lebanon and the region. 


Assessment of the Relation between ADHD and Bipolarity and the Temperament Profile of ADHD Patients
IDRAAC is currently assessing the relation between adult ADHD and Bipolar Disorder as well as the comorbidities of ADHD with other mental health disorders in a Lebanese clinical population. This is a pioneering study which addresses the comorbidities in adult ADHD patients in a clinical setting and simultaneously explores the temperament profile of adult ADHD patients. 

 
Productivity and Mental Health

Productivity and Mental Health

Mental Health Treatment

Mental Health Treatment

Psychosocial Interventions

Psychosocial Interventions

Productivity and Mental Health

IDRAAC is working on a research project related to studying the effect of mental disorders such as bipolar disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder, major depression, panic disorder, social phobia, schizophrenia, substance abuse, irritability, cyclothymia, and ADHD on several outcomes such as education, profession, relation to children and spouse, social network, work productivity. The results of this project will be of great value to determine the effects and burden of mental health disorders in the Lebanese society.
 

Mental Health Treatment

IDRAAC is working on different research projects related to assessing the pattern of treatment of mental disorders in Lebanon which includes the access to treatment, stigma related to treatment, type of treatment, human resources, pharmacologic medications, utilization of services, etc.
IDRAAC is also working on a research project related to assessing the pattern of psychotropic medications use in Lebanon. As psychotropic medications prescriptions and use has increased worldwide, little information is available about their use in the Lebanese population. IDRAAC is exploring the patterns of psychotropic use in Lebanon and its correlation with the presence or absence of 12-month DSM-IV mental disorders.
In addition, IDRAAC has been analyzing the effect of different community interventions as they play a role in mental health prevention and treatment.

Examples of community interventions  that are being evaluated for their effectiveness are listed below. You can have more details on  the following link. 

GENMOD Study: which is a classroom-based intervention for PTSD, Depression and Anxiety targeting Lebanese and Syrian students attending public schools in Lebanon. This study also aims at by investigating the molecular genetics of individual differences in Syrian refugee children’s response to acute war-related traumatic experiences and variability in response to psychological intervention of both Lebanese and Syrian children as a function of genetic factors. 
Addressing the Needs of the Total Assyrian Community in Lebanon: which is a project aimed at addressing the needs of all age groups from the Assyrian community: the children, the adults and the elderly through providing mental health and psychosocial support and capacity building to the Assyrian community workers. The project consisted of different activities such as a classroom-based intervention and a parenting program which served as a means to improve the health and mental health status of this group which has suffered from the effects of war and displacement. IDRAAC is currently investigating the results of the different interventions on the mental health of the beneficiaries.
Biological Pathways of Risk and Resilience in Syrian Refugee Children BIOPATH: which aims at investigating the biological underpinnings of individual differences in refugee children’s response to acute war-related trauma exposure. This project studies genetic moderations of interventions related to mental health wellbeing of Syrian children and adolescents  by measuring pre-post changes in psychological variables and identifying specific gene variants in children who are more/less responsive to interventions.
Wellbeing of Syrian Refugee Families- mainly Women and Youth-in Lebanon: An Integrated Intervention: which targeted both Syrian refugees and the Lebanese hosting communities and aimed to improve the mental and social wellbeing of Syrian refugee families in Lebanon and enable the Lebanese government to provide support. As a result, the project built the capacity of refugee mothers in developing alternative strategies for parenting children and women benefited from gender-based violence sessions delivered by trained social workers. Students and teachers were also trained on resilience building techniques through a classroom-based intervention to build resilience and positive coping among students which was implemented in schools. IDRAAC is currently investigating the results of this multi-faceted project on the beneficiaries.
Turning Teachers Into Educators of Tolerance and Conflict Resolution: which aims to improve the capacity of public school teachers to become mediators of behavioral change and contribute to build tolerance, decrease violence and conflicts among Syrian and Lebanese students through a classroom-based intervention. IDRAAC is studying the improvement mental disorders outcomes among the beneficiaries of this intervention.    
The School Program for Building Resilience and Coping: which aimed at teaching school-age children and adolescents emotional, behavioral and cognitive tools to face stressful situations in daily life. IDRAAC is currently assessing the effectiveness of this intervention among the students, their teachers and parents on various aspects.

 

Psychosocial Interventions

Community interventions play a role in mental health prevention and treatment and IDRAAC has also worked on several community interventions that provide psychosocial support to different groups and is working on evaluating the effectiveness of these interventions and factors that play a role in this area. 


GENMOD Study
IDRAAC worked on a classroom-based intervention for PTSD, Depression and Anxiety targeting Lebanese and Syrian students attending 31 schools in Lebanon. 
Moreover, in order to study the effectiveness of the intervention on developing resilience building strategies among students, genetic testing will be done to study the variability in response to war-related traumatic events. 
This study will advance the field of developmental psychology by investigating the molecular genetics of individual differences in Syrian refugee children’s response to acute war-related traumatic experiences and variability in response to psychological intervention of both Lebanese and Syrian children as a function of genetic factors. It will also allow to understand the interplay between mental disorders, the environment and genetic factors. 


Addressing the Needs of the Total Assyrian Community in Lebanon 
IDRAAC received a grant from the French Embassy in Lebanon to implement a project aiming at addressing the needs of the whole Assyrian community: the Assyrian Refugee community and the Assyrian Lebanese Hosting community. The project targeted all the age groups from the Assyrian community: the children, the adults and the elderly through providing mental health and psychosocial support and capacity building to the Assyrian community workers. The project consisted of different activities which served as a means to improve the health and mental health status of this group which has suffered from the effects of war and displacement.
The following activities will be evaluated:

- The classroom-based sessions to build resilience and positive coping among students which was implemented in Assyrian schools to check the improvement in the aggression, hyperactivity, attitudes, behaviors and impulsivity of the students as well as anxiety and depression.
- The positive parenting program where Assyrian community workers provided sessions to mothers in the Assyrian community. IDRAAC is currently analyzing the effectiveness of these interventions and the decrease in children’s psychosocial problems after the intervention (emotional, conduct, hyperactivity /inattention and peer relationship problems) as well as parenting methods (decrease in shouting, hitting of the children, punishment, scolding the child).

Biological Pathways of Risk and Resilience in Syrian Refugee Children BIOPATH
IDRAAC is conducting a prospective study funded by The National Institutes of Health NIH -USA and in collaboration with Queen Mary University London and Médecins du Monde which aims at investigating the biological underpinnings of individual differences in refugee children’s response to acute war-related trauma exposure. This project studies genetic moderations of interventions related to mental health wellbeing of Syrian and Lebanese children by measuring pre-post changes in psychological variables and identifying specific gene variants in children who are more/less responsive to interventions. This project allows to understand the relationship between genetic, social, psychological and biological factors in relation to resilience.  

Wellbeing of Syrian Refugee Families- mainly Women and Youth-in Lebanon: An Integrated Intervention
IDRAAC, in partnership with UNFPA and with the support of the Ministry of Social Affairs implemented a mental health project funded by the U.S. government to provide psychosocial support to women and youth. This project targeted both Syrian refugees and the Lebanese hosting communities and aimed to improve the mental and social wellbeing of Syrian refugee families in Lebanon and enable the Lebanese government to provide support. As a result, the project built the capacity of refugee mothers in developing alternative strategies for parenting children with the goal of decreasing violence and physical abuse towards their children and women benefited from gender-based violence sessions delivered by trained social workers. Students and teachers were also trained on resilience building techniques through a classroom-based intervention to build resilience and positive coping among students which was implemented in schools.
IDRAAC is investigating the results of this multi-faceted project by studying the improvement in PTSD, Depression and Anxiety. IDRAAC is also measuring mental disorders outcomes, personal competence, sensitivity, childhood adversities, positive home experiences, war trauma and predictors of PTSD.  

Turning Teachers Into Educators of Tolerance and Conflict Resolution
This project was implemented in partnership with the Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MEHE) and funded by the US Embassy in Lebanon. The aim of this project was to improve the capacity of public school teachers to become mediators of behavioral change and contribute to build tolerance, decrease violence and conflicts among Syrian and Lebanese students. This classroom-based intervention consisted of 13 sessions which were conducted in public schools distributed in the Cazas of Aley, Metn and Sidon. The teachers were trained in order to enhance the capacity of public schools educators to build tolerance, and manage aggression and impulsivity among Syrian and Lebanese students .The teachers were selected as mediators of change as they play a critical role in children’s lives and are familiar with their world and needs.
IDRAAC is studying the improvement in PTSD, Depression and Anxiety. IDRAAC is also measuring mental disorders outcomes, personal competence, sensitivity, childhood adversities, positive home experiences, war trauma and predictors of PTSD.  

The School Program for Building Resilience and Coping
IDRAAC implemented this project which aimed at teaching school-age children and adolescents emotional, behavioral and cognitive tools to face stressful situations in daily life and was funded by the European Union. Teachers were trained to become educators about resilience and coping and the program took place over 15 weekly classroom sessions that are incorporated in the curriculum of the academic year. 
The project took place in 17 schools, 10 private and 7 public where trained teachers delivered the classroom-based intervention.  Questionnaires were administered to students, teachers, and parents and IDRAAC is currently assessing the effectiveness of this intervention among the students, their teachers and parents on various aspects including personal competence, coping skills, anxiety, depressive symptoms, behavioral problems, aggression as well as exposure to stressful events. 

 
War and Trauma

War and Trauma

War and Trauma

IDRAAC has been working since its inception on research about war and mental health.
Currently, IDRAAC is working on research projects related to studying the association between temperament and war exposure on mental disorder outcomes. IDRAAC is also studying late onset of mood and anxiety disorders with regards to first onset exposure before the age of 18 years to war and non-war events in addition to childhood adversities. 
In addition, IDRAAC has worked on different community interventions for populations which were affected by war and refugees and is currently investigating the effectiveness of these interventions and the effects of war and traumatic events.
Examples of community interventions  during war periods which are being evaluated for their effectiveness are listed below. To know more, you can click on  the following link.  

GENMOD Study: which is a classroom-based intervention for PTSD, Depression and Anxiety targeting Lebanese and Syrian students attending public schools in Lebanon. This study also aims at by investigating the molecular genetics of individual differences in Syrian refugee children’s response to acute war-related traumatic experiences and variability in response to psychological intervention of both Lebanese and Syrian children as a function of genetic factors.
Addressing the Needs of the Total Assyrian Community in Lebanon: which is a project aimed at addressing the needs of all age groups from the Assyrian refugee community in Lebanon: the children, the adults and the elderly through providing mental health and psychosocial support and capacity building to the Assyrian community workers. The project consisted of different activities such as a classroom-based intervention and a parenting program which served as a means to improve the health and mental health status of this group which has suffered from the effects of war and displacement. IDRAAC is currently investigating the results of the different interventions on the mental health of the beneficiaries.
Biological Pathways of Risk and Resilience in Syrian Refugee Children BIOPATH: which aims at investigating the biological underpinnings of individual differences in refugee children’s response to acute war-related trauma exposure. This project studies genetic moderations of interventions related to mental health wellbeing of Syrian and Lebanese children by measuring pre-post changes in psychological variables and identifying specific gene variants in children who are more/less responsive to interventions.
Wellbeing of Syrian Refugee Families- mainly Women and Youth-in Lebanon: An Integrated Intervention: which targeted both Syrian refugees and the Lebanese hosting communities and aimed to improve the mental and social wellbeing of Syrian refugee families in Lebanon and enable the Lebanese government to provide support. As a result, the project built the capacity of refugee mothers in developing alternative strategies for parenting children and women benefited from gender-based violence sessions delivered by trained social workers. Students and teachers were also trained on resilience building techniques through a classroom-based intervention to build resilience and positive coping among students which was implemented in schools. IDRAAC is currently investigating the results of this multi-faceted project on the beneficiaries.
Turning Teachers Into Educators of Tolerance and Conflict Resolution: which aimed to improve the capacity of public school teachers to become mediators of behavioral change and contribute to build tolerance, decrease violence and conflicts among Syrian refugees and Lebanese students through a classroom-based intervention. IDRAAC is studying the improvement mental disorders outcomes among the beneficiaries of this intervention. 
The School Program for Building Resilience and Coping: which aimed at teaching school-age children and adolescents, which are living in areas recently subjected to war, emotional, behavioral and cognitive tools to face stressful situations in daily life. IDRAAC is currently assessing the effectiveness of this intervention among the students, their teachers and parents on various aspects.

ADHD

ADHD

ADHD

Assessment of the Relation between ADHD and Bipolarity
IDRAAC is currently assessing the relation between adult ADHD and Bipolar Disorder as well as the comorbidities of ADHD with other mental health disorders in a Lebanese clinical population funded by a grant from the National Council for Scientific Research in Lebanon. This is one of the first studies in the Arab region which addresses the comorbidities in adult patients with ADHD in a clinical setting and explores their temperament profile.


ADHD in the Arab World
IDRAAC is currently reviewing the published studies about Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) conducted in the Arab World and will soon be publishing the results of this review which will give a wider understanding about the extent to which this disorder is studied in the Arab World. 


To know more about our previous research on ADHD, kindly click on this link. 

 
Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

Identifying Longitudinal Voice Patterns in Patients with Bipolar Disorder
IDRAAC has started working on an innovative research study in collaboration with the University of Michigan in the USA and funded by the National Institutes of Health NIH which uses a cell phone-based system to detect subtle changes in speech and motion of bipolar disorder patients allowing to predict subsequent risks for mood changes and this is studied in the course of the daily use of the phone. Changes in speech patterns are highly reflective of underlying mood shifts where it has been shown that there is a periodicity of the illness that oscillates between a manic energized state with charged emotions and pressured rapid speech to a depressed emotional phase with retarded movements and inhibited quality and quantity of speech. The use of this cell-phone based system will allow a continuous monitoring of these changes and predict any manic or depressive episode.  
This innovative study will aid in developing a practical solution to assist in the longitudinal management of bipolar patients and would be a substantial advance in preventive care. 

Validation of Screening Tools Related to Bipolar Disorder

IDRAAC is working on validating the Arabic version of the HCl-32 and HCL-33 bipolarity screening tools in a Lebanese clinical outpatient population as well as using temperaments to improve the screening process. This study is partially funded by Eli Lilly. 

 

Assessment of the Relation between ADHD and Bipolarity
IDRAAC is currently assessing the relation between adult ADHD and Bipolar Disorder as well as the comorbidities of ADHD with other mental health disorders in a Lebanese clinical population funded by a grant from the National Council for Scientific Research in Lebanon. This is one of the first studies in the Arab region which addresses the comorbidities in adult patients with ADHD in a clinical setting and explores their temperament profile. 

 

To know more about our previous research on Bipolar Disorder, kindly click on this link. 


 
Body Mass Index and Mental Health

Body Mass Index and Mental Health

Body Mass Index and Mental Health

IDRAAC is working on a research project related to assessing the effect of body mass index on the mental health of the Lebanese population while controlling for physical activity (intensity/duration) and sociodemographic status. This study is one of the first studies in the region to explore the relation between obesity, overweight, underweight and normal BMIs and mental health. 

 


 
Bullying

Bullying

Bullying

Bullying and Mental Health
IDRAAC is working on several research projects related to bullying in class and its relation to mental disorders in Lebanon. Bullying is currently considered a traumatic event with important mental health implications on the affected person. To date, no studies in the Arab world have assessed it in a comprehensive manner and studied its relation to preexisting and consequent mental disorders. 
Another study we are conducting at present is a comprehensive review of the publications on bullying in the Arab world. IDRAAC is assessing the various forms of bullying: direct confrontation (verbal, physical), rumors, social media, as well as the issue of inequality of power. IDRAAC is evaluating the profiles of bullying (victim, perpetrator and both) in the clinical setting and assessing the temporal relation of bullying to a variety of mental disorders (depression, anxiety, PTSD, suicidality etc..) and its effect on school performance as well as family life and social interactions.
We are also assessing the reaction to bullying by the child/adolescent, the school and the family and the co-occurrence of bullying and childhood adversities.
We are also validating the scales used during the bullying study.

 
Childhood Adversities and Mental Health

Childhood Adversities and Mental Health

Childhood Adversities and Mental Health

 

 
Childhood adversities (such as physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, parental death, divorce, mental illness, substance misuse, criminality, violence…) have been linked to subsequent mental health disorders. 
IDRAAC is studying adult first onset of mood and anxiety disorders and their relation to exposure before the age of 18 years to war and non-war events in addition to childhood adversities .
IDRAAC is currently studying the effect of childhood adversities and childhood traumatic events on the long-term mental health of the Lebanese population as well as the role of childhood adversities, positive home experiences and sensitivity in the Mental Health outcomes of Lebanese Public School students. In addition, IDRAAC is studying the effect of childhood adversities, war exposure and sensitivity on the Mental Health outcomes of Syrian refugee children/adolescents through its community projects.

If you would like to know more about IDRAAC’s community interventions, click on the following link.  

 
Genetics

Genetics

Genetics

GENMOD Study
IDRAAC worked on a classroom-based intervention for PTSD, Depression and Anxiety targeting Lebanese and Syrian students attending 31 public schools in Lebanon. 
Moreover, in order to study the effectiveness of the intervention on developing resilience building strategies among students, genetic testing will be done to study the variability in response to war-related traumatic events. 
This study will advance the field of developmental psychology by investigating the molecular genetics of individual differences in Syrian refugee children’s response to acute war-related traumatic experiences and variability in response to psychological intervention of both Lebanese and Syrian children as a function of genetic factors. It will also allow to understand the interplay between mental disorders, the environment and genetic factors. 

BIOPATH Biological Pathways of Risk and Resilience in Syrian Refugee Children 
IDRAAC is running a prospective study funded by The National Institutes of Health NIH -USA and in collaboration with Queen Mary University London and Médecins du Monde which aims at investigating the biological underpinnings of individual differences in refugee children’s response to acute war-related trauma exposure. This project studies genetic moderations of interventions related to mental health wellbeing of Syrian children and adolescents by measuring a plethora of mental health indicators, stressors, and environmental variables.  It also quite importantly aims at identifying specific gene variants in children who are more/less responsive to interventions. This project allows to understand the relationship between genetic, social, psychological and biological factors in relation to resilience.  

 
Elderly Mental Health

Elderly Mental Health

Elderly Mental Health

IDRAAC is working on different research projects related to elderly mental health.
These projects aim at investigating the prevalence of disorders among elderly age groups and their correlates as well as validating scales that detect dementia, depression and anxiety among the elderly. These studies are being used to prioritize and design community interventions and advocacy activities related to the elderly in Lebanon.

 
Mental Health in the Arab World

Mental Health in the Arab World

Mental Health in the Arab World

IDRAAC has been reviewing since many years all the published studies about mental health in the Arab World (21 countries) since 1966.
The reviews have allowed the creation of the Mental Health Research in the Arab World database currently found on the IDRAAC website which contains the abstracts of all the published studies from the Arab World till 2012. The database is updated periodically and IDRAAC will be publishing the latest update published before the end of 2018. 

 
Temperament

Temperament

Temperament

Affective Temperament
IDRAAC has been working on a multitude of projects related to studying temperament and has evaluated the role of temperament as a risk or as a protective factor in epidemiological studies the stability of temperament in a clinical setting, studying the association 


Temperament, at present, is being studied in two research projects related to Bipolar Disorder and ADHD:
Validation of Screening Tools Related to Bipolar Disorder and the Use of Temperaments to improve the Screening Process of Bipolar Disorder
IDRAAC is working on validating the Arabic version of the HCl-32 and HCL-33 bipolarity screening tools in a Lebanese clinical outpatient population as well as using temperaments to improve the screening process. This study, which was partially funded by Eli Lilly, is a stepping stone in the improvement of the screening of Bipolar Disorder in Lebanon and the region. 


Assessment of the Relation between ADHD and Bipolarity and the Temperament Profile of ADHD Patients
IDRAAC is currently assessing the relation between adult ADHD and Bipolar Disorder as well as the comorbidities of ADHD with other mental health disorders in a Lebanese clinical population. This is a pioneering study which addresses the comorbidities in adult ADHD patients in a clinical setting and simultaneously explores the temperament profile of adult ADHD patients. 

 
Productivity and Mental Health

Productivity and Mental Health

Productivity and Mental Health

IDRAAC is working on a research project related to studying the effect of mental disorders such as bipolar disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder, major depression, panic disorder, social phobia, schizophrenia, substance abuse, irritability, cyclothymia, and ADHD on several outcomes such as education, profession, relation to children and spouse, social network, work productivity. The results of this project will be of great value to determine the effects and burden of mental health disorders in the Lebanese society.
 
Mental Health Treatment

Mental Health Treatment

Mental Health Treatment

IDRAAC is working on different research projects related to assessing the pattern of treatment of mental disorders in Lebanon which includes the access to treatment, stigma related to treatment, type of treatment, human resources, pharmacologic medications, utilization of services, etc.
IDRAAC is also working on a research project related to assessing the pattern of psychotropic medications use in Lebanon. As psychotropic medications prescriptions and use has increased worldwide, little information is available about their use in the Lebanese population. IDRAAC is exploring the patterns of psychotropic use in Lebanon and its correlation with the presence or absence of 12-month DSM-IV mental disorders.
In addition, IDRAAC has been analyzing the effect of different community interventions as they play a role in mental health prevention and treatment.

Examples of community interventions  that are being evaluated for their effectiveness are listed below. You can have more details on  the following link. 

GENMOD Study: which is a classroom-based intervention for PTSD, Depression and Anxiety targeting Lebanese and Syrian students attending public schools in Lebanon. This study also aims at by investigating the molecular genetics of individual differences in Syrian refugee children’s response to acute war-related traumatic experiences and variability in response to psychological intervention of both Lebanese and Syrian children as a function of genetic factors. 
Addressing the Needs of the Total Assyrian Community in Lebanon: which is a project aimed at addressing the needs of all age groups from the Assyrian community: the children, the adults and the elderly through providing mental health and psychosocial support and capacity building to the Assyrian community workers. The project consisted of different activities such as a classroom-based intervention and a parenting program which served as a means to improve the health and mental health status of this group which has suffered from the effects of war and displacement. IDRAAC is currently investigating the results of the different interventions on the mental health of the beneficiaries.
Biological Pathways of Risk and Resilience in Syrian Refugee Children BIOPATH: which aims at investigating the biological underpinnings of individual differences in refugee children’s response to acute war-related trauma exposure. This project studies genetic moderations of interventions related to mental health wellbeing of Syrian children and adolescents  by measuring pre-post changes in psychological variables and identifying specific gene variants in children who are more/less responsive to interventions.
Wellbeing of Syrian Refugee Families- mainly Women and Youth-in Lebanon: An Integrated Intervention: which targeted both Syrian refugees and the Lebanese hosting communities and aimed to improve the mental and social wellbeing of Syrian refugee families in Lebanon and enable the Lebanese government to provide support. As a result, the project built the capacity of refugee mothers in developing alternative strategies for parenting children and women benefited from gender-based violence sessions delivered by trained social workers. Students and teachers were also trained on resilience building techniques through a classroom-based intervention to build resilience and positive coping among students which was implemented in schools. IDRAAC is currently investigating the results of this multi-faceted project on the beneficiaries.
Turning Teachers Into Educators of Tolerance and Conflict Resolution: which aims to improve the capacity of public school teachers to become mediators of behavioral change and contribute to build tolerance, decrease violence and conflicts among Syrian and Lebanese students through a classroom-based intervention. IDRAAC is studying the improvement mental disorders outcomes among the beneficiaries of this intervention.    
The School Program for Building Resilience and Coping: which aimed at teaching school-age children and adolescents emotional, behavioral and cognitive tools to face stressful situations in daily life. IDRAAC is currently assessing the effectiveness of this intervention among the students, their teachers and parents on various aspects.

 
Psychosocial Interventions

Psychosocial Interventions

Psychosocial Interventions

Community interventions play a role in mental health prevention and treatment and IDRAAC has also worked on several community interventions that provide psychosocial support to different groups and is working on evaluating the effectiveness of these interventions and factors that play a role in this area. 


GENMOD Study
IDRAAC worked on a classroom-based intervention for PTSD, Depression and Anxiety targeting Lebanese and Syrian students attending 31 schools in Lebanon. 
Moreover, in order to study the effectiveness of the intervention on developing resilience building strategies among students, genetic testing will be done to study the variability in response to war-related traumatic events. 
This study will advance the field of developmental psychology by investigating the molecular genetics of individual differences in Syrian refugee children’s response to acute war-related traumatic experiences and variability in response to psychological intervention of both Lebanese and Syrian children as a function of genetic factors. It will also allow to understand the interplay between mental disorders, the environment and genetic factors. 


Addressing the Needs of the Total Assyrian Community in Lebanon 
IDRAAC received a grant from the French Embassy in Lebanon to implement a project aiming at addressing the needs of the whole Assyrian community: the Assyrian Refugee community and the Assyrian Lebanese Hosting community. The project targeted all the age groups from the Assyrian community: the children, the adults and the elderly through providing mental health and psychosocial support and capacity building to the Assyrian community workers. The project consisted of different activities which served as a means to improve the health and mental health status of this group which has suffered from the effects of war and displacement.
The following activities will be evaluated:

- The classroom-based sessions to build resilience and positive coping among students which was implemented in Assyrian schools to check the improvement in the aggression, hyperactivity, attitudes, behaviors and impulsivity of the students as well as anxiety and depression.
- The positive parenting program where Assyrian community workers provided sessions to mothers in the Assyrian community. IDRAAC is currently analyzing the effectiveness of these interventions and the decrease in children’s psychosocial problems after the intervention (emotional, conduct, hyperactivity /inattention and peer relationship problems) as well as parenting methods (decrease in shouting, hitting of the children, punishment, scolding the child).

Biological Pathways of Risk and Resilience in Syrian Refugee Children BIOPATH
IDRAAC is conducting a prospective study funded by The National Institutes of Health NIH -USA and in collaboration with Queen Mary University London and Médecins du Monde which aims at investigating the biological underpinnings of individual differences in refugee children’s response to acute war-related trauma exposure. This project studies genetic moderations of interventions related to mental health wellbeing of Syrian and Lebanese children by measuring pre-post changes in psychological variables and identifying specific gene variants in children who are more/less responsive to interventions. This project allows to understand the relationship between genetic, social, psychological and biological factors in relation to resilience.  

Wellbeing of Syrian Refugee Families- mainly Women and Youth-in Lebanon: An Integrated Intervention
IDRAAC, in partnership with UNFPA and with the support of the Ministry of Social Affairs implemented a mental health project funded by the U.S. government to provide psychosocial support to women and youth. This project targeted both Syrian refugees and the Lebanese hosting communities and aimed to improve the mental and social wellbeing of Syrian refugee families in Lebanon and enable the Lebanese government to provide support. As a result, the project built the capacity of refugee mothers in developing alternative strategies for parenting children with the goal of decreasing violence and physical abuse towards their children and women benefited from gender-based violence sessions delivered by trained social workers. Students and teachers were also trained on resilience building techniques through a classroom-based intervention to build resilience and positive coping among students which was implemented in schools.
IDRAAC is investigating the results of this multi-faceted project by studying the improvement in PTSD, Depression and Anxiety. IDRAAC is also measuring mental disorders outcomes, personal competence, sensitivity, childhood adversities, positive home experiences, war trauma and predictors of PTSD.  

Turning Teachers Into Educators of Tolerance and Conflict Resolution
This project was implemented in partnership with the Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MEHE) and funded by the US Embassy in Lebanon. The aim of this project was to improve the capacity of public school teachers to become mediators of behavioral change and contribute to build tolerance, decrease violence and conflicts among Syrian and Lebanese students. This classroom-based intervention consisted of 13 sessions which were conducted in public schools distributed in the Cazas of Aley, Metn and Sidon. The teachers were trained in order to enhance the capacity of public schools educators to build tolerance, and manage aggression and impulsivity among Syrian and Lebanese students .The teachers were selected as mediators of change as they play a critical role in children’s lives and are familiar with their world and needs.
IDRAAC is studying the improvement in PTSD, Depression and Anxiety. IDRAAC is also measuring mental disorders outcomes, personal competence, sensitivity, childhood adversities, positive home experiences, war trauma and predictors of PTSD.  

The School Program for Building Resilience and Coping
IDRAAC implemented this project which aimed at teaching school-age children and adolescents emotional, behavioral and cognitive tools to face stressful situations in daily life and was funded by the European Union. Teachers were trained to become educators about resilience and coping and the program took place over 15 weekly classroom sessions that are incorporated in the curriculum of the academic year. 
The project took place in 17 schools, 10 private and 7 public where trained teachers delivered the classroom-based intervention.  Questionnaires were administered to students, teachers, and parents and IDRAAC is currently assessing the effectiveness of this intervention among the students, their teachers and parents on various aspects including personal competence, coping skills, anxiety, depressive symptoms, behavioral problems, aggression as well as exposure to stressful events. 

 
War and Trauma

War and Trauma

War and Trauma

IDRAAC has been working since its inception on research about war and mental health.
Currently, IDRAAC is working on research projects related to studying the association between temperament and war exposure on mental disorder outcomes. IDRAAC is also studying late onset of mood and anxiety disorders with regards to first onset exposure before the age of 18 years to war and non-war events in addition to childhood adversities. 
In addition, IDRAAC has worked on different community interventions for populations which were affected by war and refugees and is currently investigating the effectiveness of these interventions and the effects of war and traumatic events.
Examples of community interventions  during war periods which are being evaluated for their effectiveness are listed below. To know more, you can click on  the following link.  

GENMOD Study: which is a classroom-based intervention for PTSD, Depression and Anxiety targeting Lebanese and Syrian students attending public schools in Lebanon. This study also aims at by investigating the molecular genetics of individual differences in Syrian refugee children’s response to acute war-related traumatic experiences and variability in response to psychological intervention of both Lebanese and Syrian children as a function of genetic factors.
Addressing the Needs of the Total Assyrian Community in Lebanon: which is a project aimed at addressing the needs of all age groups from the Assyrian refugee community in Lebanon: the children, the adults and the elderly through providing mental health and psychosocial support and capacity building to the Assyrian community workers. The project consisted of different activities such as a classroom-based intervention and a parenting program which served as a means to improve the health and mental health status of this group which has suffered from the effects of war and displacement. IDRAAC is currently investigating the results of the different interventions on the mental health of the beneficiaries.
Biological Pathways of Risk and Resilience in Syrian Refugee Children BIOPATH: which aims at investigating the biological underpinnings of individual differences in refugee children’s response to acute war-related trauma exposure. This project studies genetic moderations of interventions related to mental health wellbeing of Syrian and Lebanese children by measuring pre-post changes in psychological variables and identifying specific gene variants in children who are more/less responsive to interventions.
Wellbeing of Syrian Refugee Families- mainly Women and Youth-in Lebanon: An Integrated Intervention: which targeted both Syrian refugees and the Lebanese hosting communities and aimed to improve the mental and social wellbeing of Syrian refugee families in Lebanon and enable the Lebanese government to provide support. As a result, the project built the capacity of refugee mothers in developing alternative strategies for parenting children and women benefited from gender-based violence sessions delivered by trained social workers. Students and teachers were also trained on resilience building techniques through a classroom-based intervention to build resilience and positive coping among students which was implemented in schools. IDRAAC is currently investigating the results of this multi-faceted project on the beneficiaries.
Turning Teachers Into Educators of Tolerance and Conflict Resolution: which aimed to improve the capacity of public school teachers to become mediators of behavioral change and contribute to build tolerance, decrease violence and conflicts among Syrian refugees and Lebanese students through a classroom-based intervention. IDRAAC is studying the improvement mental disorders outcomes among the beneficiaries of this intervention. 
The School Program for Building Resilience and Coping: which aimed at teaching school-age children and adolescents, which are living in areas recently subjected to war, emotional, behavioral and cognitive tools to face stressful situations in daily life. IDRAAC is currently assessing the effectiveness of this intervention among the students, their teachers and parents on various aspects.

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