Psychotic experiences and religiosity: Data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys.

Year: 2018
Back to Listing

Authors

Kovess-Masfety V, Saha S, Lim CCW, Aguilar-Gaxiola S, Al-Hamzawi A , Alonso J, Borges G, de Girolamo G, de Jonge P, Demyttenaere K, Florescu S, Haro JM, Hu C, Karam EG, Kawakami N, Lee S, Lepine JP, Navarro-Mateu F, Stagnaro JC, ten Have M, Viana MC, Kessler RC, McGrath JJ, on behalf of the WHO World Mental Health Survey Collaborators

Abstract

Abstract OBJECTIVES: Religiosity is often associated with better health outcomes. The aim of the study was to examine associations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and religiosity in a large, cross-national sample. METHODS: A total of 25 542 adult respondents across 18 countries from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were assessed for PEs, religious affiliation and indices of religiosity, DSM-IV mental disorders and general medical conditions. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between PEs and religiosity with various adjustments. RESULTS: Of 25 542 included respondents, 85.6% (SE = 0.3) (n = 21 860) respondents reported having a religious affiliation. Overall, there was no association between religious affiliation status and PEs. Within the subgroup having a religious affiliation, four of five indices of religiosity were significantly associated with increased odds of PEs (odds ratios ranged from 1.3 to 1.9). The findings persisted after adjustments for mental disorders and/or general medical conditions, as well as religious denomination type. There was a significant association between increased religiosity and reporting more types of PEs. CONCLUSIONS: Among individuals with religious affiliations, those who reported more religiosity on four of five indices had increased odds of PEs. Focussed and more qualitative research will be required to unravel the interrelationship between religiosity and PEs.

Topic

Religion,Other,Mental Health Around the World

Keywords

World Mental Health Survey,epidemiology,psychotic experiences,religiosity
  • Get In Touch

    • Achrafieh,
      St. George Hospital Street
    • Tel/Fax: +961 1 583583
    • Email: idraac@idraac.org
  • subscribe to our newsletter

    Sign up to our mailing list, to receive updates on IDRAAC's activities and more.
      Submit

    Register For Alert

    Sign up and select the subjects of interest and get updated periodically.
Copyright © 2018 IDRAAC All rights reserved.